Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD)
At the meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention held in 1995, the Mediterranean countries and the European Union adopted a revised version of the Barcelona Convention as well as several other documents which redefined the role and tasks of MAP, in particular with regard to the needs for the implementation of the concept of sustainable development in the Mediterranean region. One of the basic conclusions of the meeting was to create the Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD) whose main task would be to make proposals to Mediterranean countries and other stakeholders in the region to facilitate realisation of the sustainable development.
MCSD is composed of 35 members including, besides signatory countries of the Barcelona Convention, various NGOs, professional associations and organisations, cities, etc. The technical and professional support is provided by MAP which acts as MCSD secretariat. MCSD having focused its work on several priority themes dealing with the sustainable development, separate working groups have been formed with task managers to tackle each theme, while regional centres of MAP play a supporting role. PAP/RAC assumed the supporting role to the working groups on: sustainable management of coastal zones (together with RAC/BP, RAC/ERS and RAC/SPA); management of water demand (with RAC/BP); eco-tourism (with RAC/BP); and urban management and sustainable development (with RAC/BP).
PAP was particularly active in two of these working groups:
Working Group on Sustainable Development of Coastal Zones
The Working Group on Sustainable Development of Coastal Zones prepared a preliminary report and a paper on the sustainable development of Mediterranean coastal zones, and organised an international workshop on the subject in Benidorm, in September 1997. The workshop had the objective to take a general position regarding the strategies and policies of sustainable management of coastal areas, to define the most important issues and to propose concrete measures aimed at improving the implementation of coastal area management plans in the Mediterranean.
More on this working group please find in:
Working Group on Urban Management and Sustainable Development
The Working Group on Urban Management and Sustainable Development was established to deal with “Urban Management and Sustainable Development” as one of the main topics to be considered by the MCSD in the period 1999-2001. Its main objective is to identify the priority issues in this field and to propose relevant recommendations and practical orientations for future actions aiming to create conditions which would be more suitable for sustainable development of the Mediterranean cities and towns.
The Working Group on urban management launched a number of activities in order to respond to its mandate, defined in 1999 as follows: “The Working Group on Sustainable Development and Urban Management was, within its present mandate, established at the Meeting of the Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable Development in Monaco (20-22 October 1998). The task managers of the Group are Egypt, MEDCITIES and Turkey. [...] The Group is supported by the Priority Actions Programme and the Blue Plan Regional Activity Centres of MAP. The meeting also decided that the Group will concentrate its work on the issues of urban development and sustainable management ...” (excerpt from the Report of the Fifth Meeting of the MCSD, Rome, July 1999).
One of the main activities implemented over the two years since the establishment of the Group was an information and sensibilisation campaign that was performed among the Mediterranean countries and cities. Questionnaires were sent to 80 towns and 20 countries in order to gain answers to important questions relevant to urban management, i.e. urban development planning policies and urbanisation of various countries. Replies were obtained from 45 % of the towns contacted and from almost all of the countries.
Between January and June 2001, 5 sub-regional studies were prepared, for the southern and eastern countries, as well countries of the eastern Adriatic. Twelve national, sub-regional and regional experts participated in their preparation. The studies indicated the priority urban problems of each sub-region, as well as the principal obstacles and difficulties standing in the way of a sustainable urban development. On the basis of those studies, a synthesis study was prepared entitled “Urbanisation and town management in the Mediterranean countries: Assessment and perspectives for sustainable urban development”.
In the period April-July 2001, two more synthesis studies were prepared: a study presenting an overview of international and regional initiatives towards a sustainable development of Mediterranean towns, and an analysis of the questionnaire for the town and national authorities.
In the period May-July 2001, 6 case studies on urban management were prepared (Malaga, Ismailia, Split, Iskenderun, Tetouan, Limassol), illustrating the diversity of approaches to sustainable urban development.
In order to discuss the results of the above studies, a workshop was organised in the old harbour of Barcelona on September 3-5, 2001. It was attended by more than 60 representatives of the Group’s Task Managers (Egypt, Turkey, Medcities), members of the MCSD Working Group, towns that participated in the programme implementation, regional experts, METAP, MEDU and interested MAP regional centres, and the supporting centres to the Working Group (PAP/RAC, BP/RAC). The participants were divided into four working groups which covered the following topics:
Mobilising actors and means of action towards achieving the sustainable development objectives;
Managing to guide the urban dynamics;
Improving public urban services management ;
Strengthening the Mediterranean and Euro-Mediterranean co-operation on cities and between cities for a sustainable urban development.
Each of the working groups produced a set of draft proposals that were discussed on the last day of the workshop. These were harmonised and edited by the Task Managers and the supporting centres, and were submitted to the MCSD. The MCSD, on its Extraordinary Meeting, held in Monaco between 12 and 13 of November 2001, adopted the Recommendations. After, they were presented to the 12th Ordinary Meeting of the Contracting Parties (CP) to the Barcelona Convention that met in Monaco on 14–17 November 2001. The CPs adopted the Recommendations.
More on this working group please find in:
ZAVODNIK, A. 2001 Urbanisation and Town Management in the Mediterranean Assessment and Perspectives for Sustainable Urban Development; Sub-regional Study for Slovenia, PAP/RAC. 2001 – 18 p. + 8 attachments (in a hard copy only) .
Report on the National Questionnaire, (Paper prepared for the Mediterranean Meeting on "Urban Management and Sustainable Development", Barcelona, 3-5 September 2001), in and
Report on the Questionnaire for City Authorities, (Paper prepared for the Mediterranean Meeting on "Urban Management and Sustainable Development", Barcelona, 3-5 September 2001), in and
For the future activities of the MCSD working groups, PAP is actively involved in the following two themes:
Local management and sustainable development
Local management and sustainable development which was discussed at the last MCSD Meeting held in Tunis (November 2000). PAP provided a pre-feasibility study prepared by Prof. P. Getimis and Ms. A. Collovini, in co-operation with PAP.
Agriculture and the rural development
Agriculture and the rural development is also an important topic within the Mediterranean region. The preparation of a prefeasibility study is co-ordinated by the BP/RAC. For the meeting which took place in Sophia Antipolis in August 2000, PAP provided a background paper on experiences and proposals for the future activities on this issue.
For details please see:
GRIESBACH, J.C. 2000 Inventaire et Gestion des Problèmes de Dégradation des Ressources en Terres: Une Contribution au Développement Durable des Territoires Ruraux en Méditerrannée, PAP/RAC. 2000 – 14 p.
|MSSD: Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development: A framework for environmental sustainability and shared prosperity as approved by the Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development, June 2005, Athens, Greece. UNEP. Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP), Mediterranean Commission on Sustainable Development (MCSD), 2005. (Download 251 KB)|