Once when through participatory approach a joint vision of the future coast is agreed, the way how to make it happen is to be determined. Strategies and plans are there to make the coastal future that we want to happen. If well developed, thorough wide public and political support, these documents can serve to all social actors as a guide for their actions, as a platform for mobilisation of the will for change.

National ICZM Strategies

Following the Guidelines for the preparation of National ICZM Strategies, PAP/RAC provided full support to the preparation of the ICZM Strategies for Algeria and Montenegro, as well as of the Marine and Coastal Strategy for Croatia. These strategies were developed in close collaboration with the stakeholders, approved, or to be approved, at the highest political level. The Strategies focus on mainstreaming into and alignment with other relevant plans and policies, as well as on the implementation of and delivering tangible results on the ground.


ICZM Strategy for Algeria

During the last decade, Algeria has made substantial efforts to strengthen and adapt its institutional and legal framework in order to make it more favourable to a sustainable development of the national coastal zone. However, there was a need to have an overarching document at the national level which would constitute a framework for all ICZM initiatives. In 2012, the Algerian government started developing its National Strategy to fill that gap. Developing such a document also allowed taking into account emerging problems, which were not addressed earlier, such as climate change, being one of the main threats the country will be facing in the following decades.


The first step the constitution of an Interministerial Steering Committee to supervise the process. Regular consultations with the members of this Committee led to the realization of a diagnostic analysis for the Algerian coastal zone by the end of 2012. The second phase of the activity consisted in the drafting of the Strategy. Considering the length of the Algerian coastline (1,600 km) and the number of administrative units, the participatory process was both time challenging and time consuming. By the end of 2014, a draft strategy focusing on ten major strategic orientations was presented for validation in six regional workshops attended by representatives of various ministries and public institutions, the economic sector, and the civil and scientific society. It is estimated that 1,400 people were involved in some way in the realization of the Strategy. 

The Strategy is planned to be officially adopted by the Algerian government in January 2016.


ICZM Strategy for Montenegro

On 25 June 2015 the ICZM strategy was officially adopted by the Government of Montenegro, thus being the first national legal strategic document prepared following the requirements of the ICZM Protocol. The Strategy was prepared as a decision-making tool to guide the coastal development process toward sustainability. The first step in that process was the preparation of a vulnerability assessment in order to determine the most vulnerable coastal areas that should be protected from future degradation.

Based on the assessment results, the Strategy elaborated specific guidelines on how to incorporate the ICZM principles into spatial planning documents, in particular the Coastal Area Spatial Plan, the most important planning document for the coastal area in Montenegro.

With strong political support and commitment, the key findings and the overall participatory process of the ICZM Strategy preparation resulted in:

  • construction areas reduced by 44%;
  • construction areas within one kilometre of the coast-line reduced by 16%; and
  • the introduced 100-meter coastal setback.

Knowing the difficulties in restraining the ubiquitous pressures of coastal urbanization, this reduction represents an important success.

In addition, in order to preserve the development potential of the Montenegrin coastal zone and limit growing pressures on its resources, the Strategy initiated the establishment of the efficient and adaptable management system that will enable protection of valuable coastal ecosystems, improvement of economic efficiency and sustainable use of coastal resources and improvement of integration and alignment of sectoral management.



Marine and Coastal Strategy for Croatia

The Croatian government decided to prepare a joint Marine and Coastal Strategy for Croatia. By doing that, the requirements by the two important international legislations: the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and the ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean were brought together to provide an integrated policy for both the sea and coast. The Croatian case demonstrates that it is possible to merge requirements of the EU MSFD and the Mediterranean ICZM Protocol within a single activity, which makes this Croatian “concept” a potential showcase for the Mediterranean.

The Croatian Parliament passed a legal act on the new Marine and Coastal Strategy, which extended the territorial coverage from the marine areas in which Croatia has jurisdiction, to the landward borders of 134 coastal municipalities and towns. Moreover, the Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) has been established by the Croatian government to prepare and implement the Strategy. The establishing of the IMC is considered a great success, and today it counts more than 50 members from the relevant ministries and agencies, together with stakeholders involved with the sea and the coast.

In the framework of the MedPartnership, PAP/RAC secured the first joint output, an economic and social assessment of the Croatian sea and coast. In addition, an assessment of potential costs of sea-level rise was completed within the ClimVar & ICZM project. Finally, to undertake a harmonized approach, a problem analysis included the major aspects of coastal resource use and protection, coastal spatial development, and coastal governance mechanisms.

Lessons Learned: