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Coastal Area Management Programme - CAMP

PAP is the MAP Centre responsible for the co-ordination of CAMP, under the supervision of MED Unit. CAMP has been approved by the Sixth Ordinary Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention, held in Athens in 1989. CAMP was preceded by Country Pilot Projects implemented by PAP/RAC in the 1988-89 period.


MAP CAMP institutional arrangements at Programme level

The objectives of CAMP are:CAMP is oriented at the implementation of practical coastal management projects in selected Mediterranean coastal areas, applying Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) as a major tool.

•    to facilitate at the local level the implementation of the ICZM Protocol in a particular country;
•    to develop strategies and procedures for a sustainable development in project areas;
•    to identify and apply the relevant methodologies and tools;
•    to contribute to the capacity building at local, national and regional levels; and
•    to secure a wider use in the region of the results achieved.

Individual CAMP projects are identified and selected according to defined selection criteria, and approved by the relevant Ordinary Conference of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention. Among the selection criteria, the following ones might be emphasised: project sustainability; representativity; regional interest in the problems to be dealt with; political commitment of the host authorities; institutional capability in the host country and in the selected area to carry out the project; “integrability” of project results into the local and national development policies; and replicability.

The major outputs of the CAMP project are: Diagnostic Analysis (Feasibility Study); the Project Agreement and Terms of Reference; Inception Report; Technical Specifications for individual activities of the project; Project Database and GIS; Systemic Sustainability Analysis; Participatory Programme; Final Reports of individual activities; Final Integrated Report; Follow-up Proposals and Urgent Investment Portfolio; Presentation Conference Report; and the Report of the Presentation Meeting at the host-country high governmental level.

A CAMP project includes a number of individual activities, to be integrated at the project level: a) database and GIS; the participatory programme; Systemic Sustainability Analysis; integration of project results, and b) a limited number of specific individual sectorial or multi-sectorial activities, according to project objectives and problems dominant in the project area.

CAMP is of a multi-level nature, being oriented at:

  1. local level – by implementing projects oriented at solving priority environment and development related problems in selected areas;
  2. national level – by contributing to the formulation and implementation of relevant national policies and strategies with project results and solutions proposed (the implementation of the ICZM Protocol) and, indirectly, by offering methodologies and procedures tested under specific national and local conditions;
  3. regional level – by disseminating the results and experience achieved, contributing to the formulation and implementation of relevant regional policies and strategies; and
  4. at a wider international level – by co-operating, exchanging experience, and offering results, methodologies and procedures to other regions, potentially those within UNEP\'s Regional Seas Programme.

The stages of the process are: a) initiation, b) formulation, c) implementation, and d) follow-up.

The duration of individual CAMP projects is envisaged as follows: a) the initiation stage – up to 1 year, b) project formulation – up to half a year, c) implementation – up to two and a half years, and d) the post project stage with 2-year duration for monitoring, evaluation and reporting and with no limits for the follow-up programme.

Phases, stages and outputs of individual projects

Tools and Techniques Relevant for CAMP Projects

1.    Data management: GIS

2.    Evaluation and assessment techniques:

a. environmental assessment: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), Carrying Capacity Assessment (CCA) for Tourism Activities, Soil Erosion Assessment, Rapid Assessment Techniques, Assessment of impacts from climate change and Vulnerability Assesment of Landscape/Territory

b. economic valuation techniques: Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA)

c. systemic and prospective analyses: scenarios, prospective studies

3.    Implementation instruments:

a. regulatory instruments: land-use planning, sea-use planning, codes, norms, standards

b. economic instruments: charges, subsidies, deposit refund systems, marketing permits, enforcement fines or incentives

c. participatory techniques: bargaining and negotiations, conflict resolution techniques, arbitration, the legal procedure

Implemented CAMP projects


In the 1990-98 period, two cycles of the Programme were implemented, consisting of individual projects implemented in: Albania (The Albanian coast), Croatia (The Kastela Bay), Greece (The Island of Rhodes), Syria (The Syrian Coast), Tunisia (The City of Sfax) and Turkey (The Izmir Bay). The project in Fuka, Egypt, has been completed in 1999, and the project in Israel in June 2000.

The third cycle of the Programme started in 1997 with the preparation of projects in Algeria, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco and Slovenia, in accordance with the relevant decisions of the Contracting Parties.

CAMP Malta was completed in November 2002, CAMP Lebanon in December 2004, CAMP Algeria in January 2005, CAMP Slovenia in 2007, CAMP Cyprus in 2008 and CAMP Morocco in 2010. CAMP Spain, which has been completed in 2013, entered its follow-up stage, as well as the recently completed CAMP Montenegro.

CAMP Italy has been completed at the beginning of 2017, while CAMP France has recently entered its follow-up phase. CAMP Bosnia and Herzegovina is in a preparatory phase.


Harmonising CAMPs with the ICZM Protocol

Taking into account the importance of the ICZM Protocol as a powerful tool for the sustainable development of coastal zones, CAMPs are seen as the ICZM Protocol implementation projects at the local level, i.e. as prototype interventions to assist countries to implement the Protocol. The already concluded CAMPs in Spain, Montenegro and Italy, as well as the CAMP in France that is underway, take into account, in their follow-up stage, these new development contexts. The intention is to streamline and upgrade CAMPs to the requirements of the ICZM Protocol with regard to public participation, institutional arrangements and alike. A further programme - CAMP IIIs - should build in-country capacity and implement the Protocol at the country level along with thematic demonstration programmes to be agreed and delivered in partnership with donor or sectoral funding.


MAP-PAP/RAC.2015. Assessment of Coastal Area Management programme (CAMP)

(CAMP Assessment EN.pdf / 1,33 MB)
UNEP/MAP/PAP/METAP: Coastal Area Management Programmes: Improving the Implementation. Split, Priority Actions Programme, 2002.

(Download : CAMP: Improving the Implementation.pdf / 3313kb)
(Download : Améliorer la mise en ouvre des programmes d'aménagement côtier.pdf / 3251kb)

PAP/RAC. 2001. MAP Coastal Area Management Programme: Strategic Framework for the Future / Programme d’aménagement côtier du PAM: Un cadre stratégique pour l'avenir. Split : PAP/RAC. pp. 27. ENG/FRA

(Download Strategic Framework.doc / 408 kb)
(Download cadre stratégique.doc / 303 kb)


PAVASOVIÆ, A. 1999. Formulation and Implementation of CAMP Projects: Operational Manual / Formulation et mise oeuvre des projects du PAC: Guide pratique. Split: MAP - PAP/RAC. pp ix + 86. ENG/FRA

(Download Formulation of CAMPs - Manual.pdf / 2208 kb)
(Download Formulation du PAC - Guide.pdf / 1738 kb)

The objective of this Manual is to provide guidance to MAP staff, national and local authorities and other involved in the process of formulation and implementation of CAMP projects, as well as in activities after the projects completion. The Manual presents in details the process of projects formulation and implementation. The stages of the process are: initiation, formulation, implementation, and the follow-up. The Manual presents principles and practical recommendations related to: implementation of projects; establishment of the relevant institutional arrangements; funding and finical procedures; monitoring, evaluation and reporting; role of actors, and structure of the main project outputs and documents, and their formats. The Manual presents a number of innovative approaches with regard to the previous practice: a) the number of individual project activities is restricted to those dealing with priority issues only, and to those which are capable to be integrated at the project level; b) there are some basic activities envisaged as mandatory ones at the project level: database, the participatory programme, Systemic Sustainability Analysis, the integration procedure; c) the integration procedure is to be applied at the level of individual projects and at the Programme level; d) a shorter project implementation period is envisaged; e) follow-up activities are envisaged as mandatory; f) CAMP projects' results are to be used as inputs into local and national development policies; g) the CAMP projects' procedure, outputs and their formats are harmonised with those used by other international agencies and institutions, that are implementing integrated coastal area management programmes (WB, METAP, GEF, EU, UNDP, etc.); h) achievement indicators are introduced; and i) a detailed description of the role of individual actors is presented.


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