The decision to launch a CAMP project for Cyprus was taken at the 12th Ordinary Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention, held in Monacoon November 14-17, 2001. The preparation of a feasibility study was commissioned, requesting the author to achieve the following objectives:
- To inspect the existing strategic, policy and institutional context encompassing the area where the CAMP activities will be carried out;
- To define the area of CAMP;
- To collect and present the available relevant information on the strategic, policy and institutional context;
- To define the activities from the point of view of the national and local interest;
- To assess the international context in which CAMP Cyprus will be implemented;
- To assess the possibilities for the implementation of CAMP Cyprus;
- To assess the possibilities for a long-term sustainability of the project.For the purpose of preparing this Report, consultations were held with the Director and Officers of the Environment Service (focal MAP agency), with representatives of all relevant Government Departments, Local Authorities and private sector organisations.
Two possible options concerning the area of CAMP Cyprus were conceivable:
To identify a particular geographical area (either a "hot spot" area or a newly developing area, or even an area including both cases), or
To address CAMP Cyprus to the whole island in view of the common issues and policy challenges that affect the future management of coastal areas.
The first choice was considered inappropriate, because it would confine CAMP Cyprus to a section of the coastal environment and restrict its scope to only part of the wider development and policy issues. Most importantly, the proposal of the Government of Cyprus for the CAMP was based on the need to address existing gaps in the policy framework for coastal planning and management, and to explore and introduce tools of integrated coastal area management with a view to strengthening and harmonising the policy process.
The second choice was therefore proposed for adoption based on considerations that include the following:
Responding to the needs expressed in the proposal of the Cyprus Government to MAP;
Following up on the discussions held with PAP/RAC mission to Cyprus in September 2001;
Following the broad views and inclinations expressed by the national experts and representatives met during the preparation of this Report;
Ensuring greater relevance of CAMP Cyprus to the policy problems in Cyprus;
Increasing participation of a wider group of national and local authorities, and other stakeholders;
Broadening the future applicability of the results to the whole area and policy spectrum in Cyprus (including in the future the northern part of Cyprus);
Generating lessons for similar policy problems encountered in other countries in the Mediterranean region;
Contributing to the improvement of ICAM by highlighting the applicability of decision-making tools pertaining to various spatial levels.
Major problems and issues
The problems affecting the coastal environment in Cyprus exhibit an overriding uniformity due to the small size of the island and the dominance of tourism development. In a sense, the coastal area of Cyprus, understood as the “area affected by the proximity to the sea” is the whole of Cyprus. The influence of the coastal environment is dominant in all of Cyprus. Not only the rapid pace of coastal development is the direct outcome of the proximity to the sea (which is obvious) but the economic and population decline of the hinterland areas are indirectly affected by the pull of resources to the coastal areas that offer diverse economic opportunities. Also, the development pressures, implementation constraints and policy issues are common to all coastal areas and underlie the development / environment interactions and the multiple threats to the quality of the coast. The pressures for the expansion of tourist zones, the loss of agricultural land, the transformation of village settlements into tourist centres, or the local reactions against various levels of coastal protection are uniform and share a common relationship to the whole policy and institutional framework.
The activities proposed will concentrate on the elaboration and participatory application of three important tools of coastal zone management (Strategic Environmental Assessment, Carrying capacity Assessment and Resource Valuation) within the context of MAP’s Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) methodological framework.
Two main core activities are proposed: (I.) Integrated Coastal Zone Management; and (II.) Tools of Integrated Coastal Zone Management, comprising: (i) Strategic Environmental Assessment, (ii) Carrying Capacity Assessment, and (iii) Resource valuation.
The Feasibility Study was submitted in the beginning of July 2002, in June 2005 an Agreement was signed, the Inception Workshop took place in January 2006, and after the project entered its implementation phase.
Closure of the CAMP
The Final Presentation Conference of CAMP Cyprus took place in Nicosia, on 13 June 2008. The purpose of the Conference was to present the main results and achievements of the activities pursued under the CAMP Cyprus project and highlight the key recommendations to the Government of Cyprus. For more details, see the publications below.
Klaric, Z.. 2008. CAMP Cyprus: Carrying Capacity Assessment for Tourism of the Larnaca District. Split: MAP - PAP/RAC. pp. iii + 48
(Download WEB Carrying Capacity Assessment.pdf // 0.6 KB)
Constantinides, G. and Maliotis, S. 2008. CAMP Cyprus: Final Report of the Environmental Economics Activity. Split: MAP - PAP/RAC. pp. iv + 104
(Download WEB Environmental Economics.pdf // 1.5 KB)
Coccossis, H. 2008. CAMP Cyprus: ICAM Methodology and Proposed ICAM Strategic Framework. Split: MAP - PAP/RAC. pp. ii + 56
(Download WEB ICAM Report.pdf // 0.9 KB)
Constantinides, G. 2008. CAMP Cyprus: The Public Participation Process in Cyprus. Split: MAP - PAP/RAC. pp. ii + 12
(Download WEB Public Participation.pdf // 0.4 KB)
Dusik, J. 2008. CAMP Cyprus: Pilot Testing of the CAMP Guidelines on SEA for the CAMP Pilot Study Area. Split: MAP - PAP/RAC. pp iii + 42
(Download WEB Strategic Environmental Assessment.pdf // 1.6 KB)
UNEP-MAP RAC/SPA. 2007. Integrated Coastal Area Management in Cyprus: Biodiversity Concerns on the Coastal Area Management Programme of Cyprus. By Ramos, A., Cebrian, A., Demetropoulos, D. & A.. Ed. RAC/SPA. Tunis. pp. 69
(Download WEB Biodiversity.pdf // 2.1KB)
|Report of the Mid-term review meeting of CAMP Cyprus (Nicosia, 16 February 2007), pp. 7|
PAP/RAC. 2006. MAP CAMP Cyprus: Inception Report. Split: PAP/RAC. pp. 76. ENG
|PAP/RAC. 2006. Report of the CAMP Cyprus Inception Workshop (Nicosia, 19-20 January, 2006)|
PAP/RAC. 2002. CAMP Cyprus; Diagnostic - Feasibility Report. Split: PAP/RAC. pp. iv + 105. ENG
MAP-PAP-RAC. 2004. Agreement relative to the Coastal Area Management Programme (CAMP) – the project for Cyprus