In the period 1995-1998, FAO implemented the project "Integrated Coastal Areas: Training and Development of National Capabilities for Planning and Management of the West and Central African Region" (WACAF/11) in co-operation with the Ocean and Coastal Areas Programme (OCA/PAC) of UNEP through PAP/RAC. The project was implemented in three countries of the region:
* The Gambia, where a Coastal Profile was prepared and an Integrated Coastal Management Strategy developped for the southern coastal region. Both documents will serve as the basis for the preparation of the coastal management Master Plan which will provide final framework for the first-generation coastal management initiatives in the country;
* Guinea, where a Coastal Profile was prepared for the pilot area comprising Conakry, Dubreka and Forecariah. Its main objectives were to identify major environment/development problems, and to propose the most appropriate development activities on the basis of an assessment of the capacity of natural resources, as well as relevant spatial development strategies; and
* Togo, where also a Coastal Profile was prepared for the entire coastal area with a view to draw necessary legal and institutional elements of the coastal management in the country.
Documents prepared and published within the WACAF/11 Project:
1. UNEP/FAO/PAP: Integrated Coastal and Marine Areas Management in the Gambia: Southern Coastal Region Coastal Profile and Management Strategy. West African Regional Seas Technical Reports Series No.1. Split, Croatia, UNEP/FAO/PAP, 1998.
2. PNUE/FAO/PAP: Gestion intégrée des zones côtières en Guinée: Site pilote Tabounsou-Koba - Profil côtier. Série de rapports techniques des Mers régionales de l'Afrique de l'Ouest No.2. Split, Croatie, PNUE/FAO/PAP, 1999.
3. PNUE/FAO/PAP: Gestion intégrée des zones côtières au Togo - Profil côtier. Série de rapports techniques des Mers régionales de l'Afrique de l'Ouest No.3. Split, Croatie, PNUE/FAO/PAP, 1999.
PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE MARINE AND COASTAL AREAS IN THE EASTERN AFRICAN REGION (EAF/5)
The Water Branch of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is implementing the project entitled "Protection and Management of the Marine and Coastal Areas in the Eastern African Region (EAF/5)” through the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) and the Priority Actions Programme Regional Activity Centre (PAP/RAC) of UNEP’s Mediterranean Action Programme (MAP).
Within the framework of EAF/5 Phase I, PAP/RAC played an active role in the preparation and implementation of the Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) in Mozambique and RFI Comoros, and provided support in implementing the ICAM projects in Kenya and Tanzania – Zanzibar, in the period from 1995 to 1997. The main outputs of these pilot projects in Mozambique and RFI Comoros were the Coastal Profile and Management Strategy, and a number of demonstration activities. The methodology contained in the Guidelines for Integrated Management of Coastal and Marine Areas – UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 161, which was previously successfully tested in a number of coastal zones in the Mediterranean, was applied both in Mozambique and RFI Comoros in a form adapted to East African conditions. In these countries, PAP/RAC experts have assisted the national institutions in training of national experts, presentation of coastal profiles, development of a coastal area management strategy, public awareness campaign, and in the organisation of national workshops.
Within the framework of EAF/5 Phase II, PAP/RAC assisted experts in Comoros, Mozambique, Kenya and Zanzibar State of the United Republic of Tanzania, Madagascar and Seychelles in the preparation of workplans for demonstration activities, coastal profiles, coastal area management strategies and action strategies relating to a pilot site in each country. Outputs foreseen under the Project include coastal profiles, coastal resources management strategies for pilot sites and operationalisation of the Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) in participating countries in the Eastern African region. The main objectives of the Project were: (i) to develop in collaboration with other UN agencies and Multilateral or Bilateral donors, national self-reliance in all matters related to ICAM; (ii) to strengthen the capacity of national and local institutions and experts to implement the ICAM process by helping them prepare country specific ICAM Strategies; and (iii) to develop management tools which will help major stakeholders in the region to implement all the tasks envisaged within the framework of ICAM Strategies.