The proposal to start up a Coastal Area Management Programme (CAMP) Project on the Italian coastal zone was presented by the Italian authorities to UNEP-MAP in July 2007 and was taken into consideration and approved during the 15th meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention (Almeria, Spain, 15-18 January 2008).
Following the approval of the Contracting Parties, the related Feasibility Study (FS) was launched in five selected coastal areas of Italy, based on the agreement of the representatives of relevant Italian institutions, which signed a specific Memorandum of Understanding (Rome, 2 December 2008). The Feasibility Study was prepared for MAP PAP/RAC by an independent consultant in co-operation with the Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea (MELS) and the five Regions involved.
The Agreement for the CAMP Italy Project was signed on 27 March 2014 on the basis of the preparatory activities that took place prior to the signature between the Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea (MELS) and UNEP-MAP. It offers a general framework for implementing the Project goals, targets and strategy as well as the structure of the Project, with outputs, institutional actions and structure, funds, and a general working plan and the schedule. The Agreement and the related Terms of Reference also define the basic elements of the Horizontal activities, the Individual Activities, the achievement indicators and the post-project activities to be implemented.
The project area includes several coastal strips and involves three Italian Regions (out of the original five): Emilia-Romagna, Sardinia and Tuscany. The Feasibility Study has taken into consideration technical-scientific information about all Italian coastal Regions to support the choice of suitable areas for the realization of the CAMP Italy Project.
After the Feasibility Study was finalised and approved, three out of five administrative Regions are still involved in the Project (Emilia-Romagna, Sardinia and Tuscany) and therefore two of the project areas are now smaller than expected in the Feasibility Study (see Map below).
Project goal and objectives
A major goal of the CAMP Italy Project is to encourage the implementation of national strategies for integrated coastal zone management. In accordance with the implementation of the ICZM Protocol for the Mediterranean, the involvement of some regions in CAMP Project will be a driving force for the participation of other coastal regions in early stages of consultation and sharing strategy.
The Project’s strategic objective consists in testing the integrated management of the coastal area, implementing both the ICZM Protocol and the EU ICZM Recommendation 2002. The seven complementary objectives will be achieved through activities specifically targeted at particular problems: management of the marine spaces (such as management of the mining of sand from the seabed, of fish farms, etc.) protection and enhancement of the historical-cultural and environmental heritage, and landscape; diversification of the touristic offer (new offers focused on specific environmental and landscape aspects); environmental and landscaping restoration; recovery and preservation of the coastal and marine environment at the river mouths; description and representation of the territory and its resources, identifying values, opportunities and critical issues, reasons for the proposed choices and evaluating expected effects; definition of evolutionary scenarios which intervention policies must address.
As a result of the preparation of the Feasibility Study (FS), the CAMP Italy project is structured around two main segments:
A. Horizontal activities, based on data, problems, discussions and documents issued by the Individual activities, will be aimed at four goals:
1) Co-ordination and dissemination of the results. This horizontal activity deals with:
- the co-ordination of the CAMP Italy Project;
- the presentation of the main components of the Project;
- the presentation and dissemination of the results.
- developing adequate planning skills in order to be compliant with relevant references about "integrated management of the coastal zone";
- pointing out potential criticalities in decision-supporting and decision making;
- defining and suggesting opportunities for improvement and/or corrective actions;
- promoting institutional development (leveraging, whenever needed, the involvement of stakeholders and other relevant societal components), the development of human resources and the strengthening of management systems.
3) Data collection and management.
This horizontal activity will not solve all the information-related problems that may hinder Italian coastal zone management, but it will aim at defining guidelines for effective data interoperability between CAMP Italy regions and possibly for data sharing at national level. The activity will define best practices and provide guidelines to be adopted in the future from CAMP regions.
4) Institutional co-ordination and public participation.
This activity aims at promoting vertical integration and the collaboration between Administrations for a better coastal management, the exchange of information and transparency, and in particular at transferring, sharing and discussing what will emerge from the critical analysis of the specific CAMP Italy activities to/with those entities, both public and private, concerned with coastal zones. In particular, it has the following general objectives:
- with reference to the specific CAMP Italy activities, promoting cross-sectorial institutional co-ordination among the various administrative services and regional and local authorities competent in coastal zones, with the ultimate aim of facilitating the creation of an ICZM National network;
- ensuring the adequate and timely participation in the transparent decision-making process by local populations and stakeholders (e.g. private and public workers associations, environmental groups, NGOs, general public).
B. Individual activities of the CAMP Italy project belong, in relation to the specific objectives, to the following actions:
Objective 1. Improve the co-ordination capacities among different structures involved in coastal zone management (governance for coastal area) and both vertical (network of subjects) and horizontal (industry sectors) integration - Action 1. Planning of marine and terrestrial coastal areas.
Objective 2. Maintenance of the ecosystem service flow through the reduction and control of human pressures and development of adaptation to the effects of climate change - Action 2. Protection, preservation and restoration of coastal and marine habitats.
Objective 3. Verification of the sustainability of socio-economic activities which stress the coastal area through application of the ecosystem and the economic evaluation of ecosystem services (PES, TEEB, etc.); in particular tourism, fishing, coastal defence - Action 3. Sustainability of socio-economic stress on the coastal zone (in particular tourism, fishery, structures for coastal defense).
Five MAP Regional Activity Centres (RACs) out of six, namely: INFO/RAC, SPA/RAC, BP/RAC, SCP/RAC and PAP/RAC, and the Programme for the Assessment and Control of Marine Pollution in the Mediterranean Region (MED POL) will provide a valid support to project activities such as advice and guidance on monitoring and assessment, on preparing reports, participating to working groups meetings.
Main problems in the CAMP area
In particular, the main problems in the CAMP area, as identified in the FS, are related, with regard to the central level, to the absence of a centralized responsible authority for the management of coastal areas. In fact, while acknowledging the Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea a focal role in the field of integrated management of coastal areas, Italy, to date, has not a coastal Act and a dedicated coastal governance body or management Agency. Implementation is carried out within a range of regulatory frameworks dealing with coastal management at government and regional levels related to administrative decentralization pertaining sectors such as environment, agriculture, fisheries, industry, infrastructure and transport, tourism, health, economic development. Furthermore, this approach often appears sectorial.
The Project Steering Committee (named the Tavolo CAMP) meeting of 7 July 2014 has agreed on the principle to apply the model of Green Project Management, with the idea of thinking green throughout the Project activities and to make decisions taking into account the impact on the environment – if any. It is a way to ingrain “greenthink” into every project’s activity management process, through the development of eco-friendly techniques and the promotion of ecologically friendly systems, e.g. combating increasing traffic emission and excessive paper consumption (paperless system).
Inception report and conference
The Inception Report is the first basic integrated document of the Project. Its aim is to ensure its integration and provide detailed instructions for its implementation, both at Project level and for each Individual Activity. The final objective of the Inception Report is to harmonise, interrelate and integrate the actions implemented in the framework of the Horizontal Activities and the singular projects at Project level.
The Inception Conference was held at the Headquarters of Porto Conte regional Park, Alghero (Sardinia) on 12 November 2014 when the Inception Report and the internal rules of the structure of institutional co-ordination and social participation framework were approved. In order to give the CAMP Italy and the Inception Conference event a Mediterranean dimension, also in the prospect to create a Mediterranean CAMP network – as agreed during the Tunis meeting on 25 September 2014 - four recent CAMP Projects have been selected: Spain, Montenegro, Slovenia and Morocco whose National Co-ordinators were contacted via Skype during the Conference. The purpose was to welcome by the others National Co-ordinators the new CAMP Project of Italy to the network with an encouraging message and suggesting main points for the success of the Project. The goal of the network is to build a tool in order to share ideas, experiences, good practices to spread virtuous environmental policies, respectful of the territories and peoples.
Organisation and structure of the Project
Project Technical Co-ordination Office (PTCO)
Workplan and timetable
The Project Workplan, structured according to the implementation procedure and the relevant Timetable, is presented below:
|MAP-PAP/RAC.2014. Inception Report. CAMP Italy Project.|
(Download camp_italy_inception_report.pdf / 1.254 KB)
|MAP-PAP/RAC. 2014. Report of the CAMP Italy Inception Workshop (Alghero, 12 November 2014)|
(Download IC Report_2014-FINAL.pdf / 530 KB)
|MAP-PAP/RAC. 2012. “CAMP Italy Project” Feasibility Study (December 2012)|
(Download FS_CAMP Italy.pdf / 11.519 KB)
|MAP-PAP/RAC. 2014. Agreement relative to the Coastal Area Management Programme (CAMP) Italy (March 2014)|
(Download CAMP Italy Agreement – FINAL.pdf / 901 KB)