The Steering Committee (CoPil) of the CAMP project, which has been running for almost a year now, met for the second time this year, on December 18 at Domaine de Fabregas, La Seyne-sur-Mer, in the Var County. The meeting allowed the participants to present the work carried out so far, to discuss the progress, challenges and difficulties encountered, as well as to validate the orientations of future activities. In addition, the handover from the old project manager, Mr. Humeau Pit, and his replacement, Mme. Elodie Doze, was formalised on this occasion.
This half-day meeting was filled with a very rich programme. The partners also met over lunch and launched the exchanges in a friendly setting, which continued lively and constructively throughout the afternoon. A real ownership by local actors of the CAMP has clearly arisen, where the principles of the ICZM Protocol have a strong gravitational force on the different actions of the project. The main elements can be summarised as follows:
- Methodology, approach and timetable for the implementation of the diagnostic study on ICZM practices in the Var territory. To stimulate the discussion a mapping of actors, initiatives and approaches to ICZM in the Var was prepared by the project co-ordinator and shared with the participants;
- Data collection for the implementation of DONIA;
- Debriefing on working groups and the preparation of future workshops has been at the heart of debates and concerns: (i) erosion/submersion, (ii) harbours/navigation basins, and (iii) sustainable archipelagos;
- Organisation of Var’s "land-sea" Forum. The event date was postponed to the last week of March 2016.
More about the progresses and future actions will be shared soon. Follow us on www.pacvar.fr !
Thanks again to Pit for his investment. We wish him to be successful in the upcoming professional and personal challenges!
On 15 December 2015 more than 300 members and national and international collaborators gathered in Gammarth to celebrate 20 years of the Tunisian Coastal Protection and Planning Agency (APAL). On this occasion, the participants jointly reflected on the realities, concerns and challenges in managing the Tunisian coast. It was at the same time an opportunity to exchange technical experiences, to debate and celebrate which allowed participants to sum up and evaluate success of APAL during the first 20 years, to identify elements to be revised or strengthened, and to jointly reflect on the priorities for the future, including the ratification of the ICZM Protocol and its implementation.
PAP/RAC was one of the privileged Mediterranean actors who were given the opportunity to testify of a long and fruitful co-operation with APAL and to propose ways of the future co-operation.
Once again, our sincere congratulations, and long live APAL!
After one year of intense activity, the small pilot project on Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) in the Mediterranean, implemented by the University of Thessaly in Greece with the support of PAP/RAC, has reached its end. Even in such a short time and with very limited resources, the project has largely contributed to “Paving the road to MSP in the Mediterranean” as its own title says. The findings of the project were presented and discussed at its final conference held in Athens on 30 November 2015, with the participation of the representatives of all relevant Greek ministries, local authorities and stakeholders from the Ionian islands included in the project, as well as the representatives of UNEP/MAP and PAP/RAC and another Mediterranean countries particularly interested in the subject matter.
Based on an interactive work with national and local stakeholders and several exchanges with the PAP/RAC NFPs in other Mediterranean countries, the project succeeded to propose a way forward in the Region with regard to the MSP implementation, i.e. the most appropriate methodological tools, possible co-operation/management schemes, prerequisites and possible ways of dealing with the MSP challenges, keeping in mind the needs and specificities (natural, social, economic and institutional) of the Mediterranean countries at national and regional levels. The Final Report of the project including some concrete recommendations will be made available very soon at the PAP/RAC web site.
The PAP/RAC expert team has completed the final draft of the ICZM Plan for the Šibenik-Knin County. The Plan contains, among others, measures to be taken by each coastal settlement in order to mitigate the effects of climate change and variability. Those measures were designed according to the studies and research performed during the preparation of the Plan, as well as in contacts with the County stakeholders, either directly, through interviews, or during a number of workshops. However, wishing to “fine polish” the measures, on November 12, a meeting was organised in Šibenik with the stakeholders from the County, including representatives of the coastal towns and settlements, to present the document and get a feedback that would serve as the basis for the finalisation of the document. The meeting was attended by 30-odd participants who made valuable comments and suggestions. Given the limited time available, it was agreed that the stakeholders would send to the team leader their further comments and suggestions in writing by the end of the month. After that the Plan will be finalised and submitted to the County for adoption.
The Steering Committee of the MedPartnership and ClimVar and ICZM held its 5th and last meeting in Athens, Greece, on 3 and 4 November 2015, in the presence of country Focal Points, executing partners and beneficiaries from the countries of the projects.
The main aim of these GEF-funded projects was to effectively contribute to the implementation of the Barcelona Convention’s Strategic Action Programme to Address Pollution from Land-Based Activities (SAP/MED), the Strategic Action Programme for the Conservation of Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean Region (SAP/BIO), and the Action Plan for the implementation of the ICZM Protocol. This included also the integration of climatic variability and change into national strategies for ICZM.
The MedPartnership and ClimVar and ICZM together have implemented more than 150 activities and 80 demonstration projects. They contributed in saving over 10 million cubic meters of water yearly in several industrial sectors, establishing/supporting the establishment of seven new MPAs, producing new maps of coastal aquifers, and made possible the proper disposal of over 900 tons of PCBs in three different countries.
The projects supported the organization of more than 500 meetings, workshops, and trainings which have reached out to thousands of stakeholders and provided a platform for local actors, regional experts and international institutions to interact. A number of new techniques and tools were developed to help countries carry out their activities and facilitate communication between scientists and decision-makers.
Activities carried out under the projects were also instrumental for the creation of inter-ministerial committees in countries such as Croatia, Montenegro, and Algeria, to support the long-term sustainability of these processes. Moreover, the projects have supported the update of the NAPs in several countries, and allowed the development of a regional climate change adaptation framework to increase the resilience of marine and coastal areas in the Mediterranean to the effects of climate change and variability. The projects’ activities produced over 300 documents including technical reports, guidelines and policy analyses.
Within the activities on the preparation of the Croatian and Marine Strategy, implemented by the Croatian Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection in cooperation with PAP/RAC, through the “Medpartnership” project financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), a first round of workshops was organised in April - May 2015 in order to secure a wide participatory approach and get feedback from the stakeholders at the local level. Based on the comments gathered in those workshops the document was amended and the final draft prepared. The second round of workshops has now been organised to present it to the local stakeholders and get their final comments.
Three workshops were organised. The first was for the stakeholders from the Dubrovnik-Neretva and Split-Dalmatia Counties, and was organised in Dubrovnik on October 15, while the third workshop, for Istria, Primorje-Gorski Kotar and Lika-Senj Counties, took place in Pula on October 26. The workshops were each attended by 50-odd participants from relevant governmental and non-governmental institutions, as well as other members of civil society. The second workshop was somewhat different. It was organised for the stakeholders from the Šibenik-Knin and Zadar Counties, but was extended to two days (October 21 - 22) and combined with the 7th meeting of the Croatian Inter-ministerial committee created for the preparation of the Croatian Marine and Coastal Strategy. Apart from the presentation of the Strategy, the participants were informed on the ICZM Plan for the Šibenik-Knin County which is nearing its completion. There were also presentations on the relevant experience of some other countries and organisations made by the representatives of Greece, UNEP/MAP’s Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea (REMPEC), and the Scottish Coastal Forum. This workshop was attended by 70-odd participants. All the workshops were organised in cooperation with and support by the hosting counties.
The meeting of the Mediterranean Action Plan focal points was opened in Athens, Greece, on 13 October 2015, in the presence of representatives from 21 Mediterranean countries, the European Union, donors and partners. The objectives of the meeting are to review the progress achieved during the 2014-2015 biennium in the implementation of the programme of work and activities approved by COP 18 (Istanbul, Turkey, December 2013). Participants are expected to approve a number of thematic draft decisions for submission to COP 19, aiming at strengthening the implementation of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols, as well as the proposed biannual Programme of Work and Budget 2016-2017 prepared by the Secretariat.
Welcoming the participants, the Hellenic Alternate Minister of Environment Mr. Yiannis Tsironis opened the meeting and said: “For the past 40 years, the Barcelona Convention and UNEP/MAP have been providing a framework for regional cooperation that promotes the protection of the natural and built environment of the Mediterranean region and has served as a model for other regions of the world. At this crucial period for many countries of the Mediterranean, having to deal with a number of economic, social and political challenges, the Barcelona Convention will continue to act as an effective framework for regional cooperation, supporting peace and stability in our region”.
Thanking Greece for hosting the meeting, the President of the Bureau, Mr. Mehmet Birpinar highlighted the continuous commitment of the countries to the Barcelona Convention and said: “the Mediterranean continues to be a model for the world in terms of friendship and cooperation. We have made success when so many things were going wrong in some parts of the world. We succeeded together with our stakeholders.”
Presenting the progress of work during the last biennium, the UNEP/MAP Coordinator, Mr. Gaetano Leone, highlighted the achievements and challenges encountered by the region saying: “Conditions around the Mediterranean region and ecosystems continue to be degraded. The pressures are heavy on such limited and vulnerable resources, coastal zones and the marine environment. At a time when the situation is reason for deep concern, the opportunities for impact are still abundant and attainable”.
Recalling the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals recently adopted in New York, he added “These are crucial in inspiring us to define our strategies for the Mediterranean. Frameworks such as the MAP ensure the translation of global ambitions and goals of sustainable development into concrete actions at national level”.
The meeting of the MAP Focal Points is expected to also review and transmit to COP 19 for its consideration and possible adoption a number of strategic and programmatic documents such as MSSD, UNEP/MAP mid-term Strategy 2016-2021, and Action Plans.
The SwitchMed programme is launching the call for the ¨SwitchMed Green Entrepreneurs Training Programme¨ that will take place in Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan from November onwards. If you have an enterprising spirit, with a green business idea in mind but you do not know how to launch in the market this new green product or service, or if you don’t know where to find technical support and access to finance, you can now apply to the SwitchMed training programme. The deadline for applications is 31 October 2015.
This is a free of charge on-site training with a duration of 5 days spread over 3 months that will serve as incubation phase for the entrepreneurs’ ideas. Workshops and training materials will be in Arabic (English materials are also available). At the end of the training, the best projects will have the opportunity to participate to an acceleration phase, receiving one-year technical and financial advice, and being awarded financial support.
By joining the training, entrepreneurs will have access to one of the first highly qualified green entrepreneurship training programmes in the southern Mediterranean countries and will learn how to convert step by step their Green Business Ideas into a sound and feasible Green Business Project. This project is funded by the European Commission.
For further information about the programme and to apply to the training, please, visit the SwitchMed website
On September 21st, the Ministry of Water Resources and Environment organized, jointly with PAP/RAC, an adoption meeting on Réghaia’s Coastal Plan. The meeting was held at the El Rais hotel, in the town of Ain Taya. Participants of the meeting, including the members of the inter-sectoral committee set up within the framework of this activity, as well as the members of the inter-ministerial committee established under the activity of the National ICZM Strategy for Algeria, had a last opportunity to comment on the suggested actions in the framework of the activity. As pointed out by the participants, this stage of adoption does not mark the end of an activity, but rather the beginning of the implementation of the plan.
It was pointed out that, unlike other plans previously made for this fragile area of Réghaïa, a commission, chaired by the Wali, had been set up, and that this commission had at the same time a working document - the Réghaia’s plan, an institutional tool - the wilaya of Algiers, and an instrument - the decision signed by the Wali, to ensure that the plan would be implemented. In other words, the means are there and it is now a matter of will for the plan to be implemented.
Parallel to the meeting, a pilot action was organized on the El Kaddous beach. With the help of the Coastal Commission, the Agency for the Promotion and Protection of the Coastal Zone, and the National Waste Agency, an operation of dune’s stabilization and beach cleaning took place. Unfortunately, despite the glorious sunshine, the weather did not allow the diving clubs who had been mobilized to clean the seabed to intervene because of a large swell. But this is only a postponement, since in Réghaia: action is for now!
Another year has flown by and the time has come to celebrate the Mediterranean Coast Day. This year, it will be a little different than usually. The central regional celebration will last two days instead of one. Namely, the host this year is France, more precisely the “Conservatoire du littoral” which celebrates its 40th anniversary this year. Anniversaries of several other organizations involved in coastal conservation also fall this year, namely fifty years of the National Trust programme "Neptune", forty years of the United Nations Environment Programme’s Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP), thirty years of the Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas (RAC/SPA), twenty years of the French GEF and the Tunisian Coastal Protection Agency, ten years of the PIM Initiative for Mediterranean Small Islands, and, finally, the launching of the Coastal Agency of Montenegro.
They have, thus, decided to combine these anniversaries with the Mediterranean Coast Day celebration by organising a Meeting of Coastal Agencies from Europe and the Mediterranean on September 24th and 25th, to be held in Antibes Juan les Pins and Vallauris (Maritime Alps – France). This event will be organised in partnership with the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, MAP, PAP/RAC, the Blue Plan/RAC, the Cities of Antibes Juan les Pins and Vallauris, the Department Council of Maritime Alps, the French Development Agency, the French Water Agency RMC, and the French GEF. The meeting is primarily intended for the Mediterranean and European stakeholders involved in the protection of coastal areas, namely: governments, local authorities, coastal management agencies, NGOs and specialised networks. It will be the opportunity to interact, through plenary sessions, workshops and roundtables on major issues such as climate change, naturalness, coastal planning, and partnership issues dealing with management of coastal areas.
In parallel, the French Development Agency and the Blue Plan organise, on September 24, in Antibes a regional workshop on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in the Mediterranean. The workshop aims to discuss the ICZM-related objectives of the FDA/Blue Plan partnership, including (i) the integration of social and environmental issues within the management process engaged on coastal areas, and (ii) the implementation of strategic recommendations proposed in the frame of a balanced development of these territories.
Apart from this central regional celebration, we have announcements of several local events: in Croatia, Montenegro, Slovenia and Tunisia.
The Regional Conference on the evaluation of socio-economic impacts of climate variability and change (CV&C) in coastal zones was held at the Geographic Institute of the University of Kiel, Germany, from September 7 to 8. The meeting was attended by twenty participants, including representatives from Croatia, Libya, Montenegro, Morocco and Tunisia, experts from Plan Bleu, the Med Sea Foundation, the Basque Center for Climate Change and the University of Split, as well as representatives of the University of Kiel and PAP/RAC as conference organizers. The participants were welcomed by the Director of the Excellence Cluster Future Ocean. This network regroups the Faculties of the University of Kiel, the Kiel Institute of World Economy, the GEOMAR Institute and the Mathesius Institute of Fine Arts into a strongly integrative and multidisciplinary structure.
After a brief presentation and review of the activities and products of the ClimVar project per components by Plan Bleu and PAP/RAC experts, the DIVA team experts gave an overview of the concepts and history of the DIVA model and explained its structure. After the introduction to the training procedure the participants were divided into working groups to proceed with the computer-based practice. This was an excellent opportunity for them to, with the assistance of students from the University of Kiel, run the model and discuss its components.
On the second day, a half-day workshop was dedicated to the presentation of the key outputs of the ClimVar project on the evaluation of socio-economic impacts of CV&C on coastal zones. The meeting was interactive and the participants had the opportunity to discuss and comment the results. These exchanges helped also to make a step forward in the finalisation of various products, e.g. DIVA Tunisia, evaluation of CV&C impacts on key economic sectors in Tunisia and the Guidelines for socio-economic evaluation of CV&C in coastal zones. A field trip was organised in the afternoon, which gave the chance to the participants to become familiar with the adaptation measures and coastal engineering and planning on the Baltic Sea in the Kiel region.
The Final Consultation Meeting for the presentation of the Buna/Bojana Integrated Resources Management Plan took place in Ulcinj, Montenegro, on 7 September 2015. The Meeting was organised by PAP/RAC, GWP-Med and UNESCO-IHP (partner organizations) in the framework of the GEF UNEP/MAP MedPartnership project and under the auspices of the Montenegrin Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism and Municipality of Ulcinj and with the participation of the Albanian Ministry of Economic Development, Trade and Entrepreneurship. The Meeting was the concluding event of the process for the preparation of the “Integrated Resources Management Plan for the Buna/Bojana Area” (“the Plan”)” jointly prepared by partner organizations in the frame of the MedPartnership. The aim of the Plan is to support the efforts of the governments of Albania and Montenegro to improve the integrated management of the natural and anthropogenic environments in the Buna/Bojana area.
The Plan is the practical application of the Integrative Methodological Framework (IMF) as the operational methodology for the sustainable management of the ecological continuum constituted by the marine and coastal zone, the river basin and the coastal aquifer. This Plan encompasses the transboundary area of Albania and Montenegro, bringing together administrative structures from the two states. The Plan considers impacts on the coastal (including marine) zone and the river basin of upstream activities from agriculture, tourism and urbanisation, and marine impacts on the river delta and coastal aquifers. This multi-sectoral approach resulted in measures for strengthening cooperation for restoration and safeguarding of the Area’s ecosystems and the services that they provide, increasing resilience to climate change as well as supporting creation of jobs and social welfare. The establishment of a transboundary governance mechanism, to ensure that relevant issues of transboundary importance are considered and acted upon bilaterally, is among the key measures. The Plan resulted in a draft Framework Agreement for the Sustainable Management of Skadar/Shkoder Lake Basin and Buna/Bojana Area, as requested by the Montenegrin Minister of Sustainable Development and Tourism. The meeting was also an opportunity for initiating official consultations between the two countries on the draft Agreement, as the basis for action at the transboundary level.
The draft Agreement, prepared by GWP-Med and PAP/RAC with contribution of the Centre for Water Law, Policy and Science of the University of Dundee is one of the few examples globally of a legal agreement for the management of shared resources, taking into consideration the continuum of systems found in nature, following the “source to sea” or “ridge to reef” paradigm, integrating management of river basins, coastal and marine areas.
The draft Plan in English, with summaries in Albanian and Montenegrin can be found here.
It was with great sadness that we have received the news of the passing of Pierre Bougeant. He
left us on August 17, just a few days after his 70th birthday. We knew that he was fighting with
illness but we hoped he would win, as he usually did. Among others, he was one of the architects of the fierce negotiations leading to the adoption of the ICZM Protocol in the Mediterranean, a battle he won. And he won many other battles as a long-time partner of PAP/RAC in his role of the French National Focal Point. To quote his long-time friend and collaborator, Fabrice Bernard “But above all he was a man of infinite culture, always on the lookout for new trends, permanently connected, he was looking for the "World" in each corner of the Mediterranean, a great political connoisseur from the most local to the most global...”
Our sincere condolences go to his family, his wife, his son, his daughter-in-law and granddaughter (he was a grandfather for a few days) and all of his friends.
Today, PAP/RAC is very pleased to announce that 3,500 km of the Moroccan coastline have now a law dedicated to their protection. Conservation and sustainable management are indeed now ensured through the 81-12 bill passed unanimously on June 23, by the House of Councillors. This new legal instrument "includes both a maritime and a land part, based on scientific data and taking into account the impact of climate change."
The purpose of this legislation is to reconcile the protection and valorisation of coastal areas with the social, economic and cultural development of the Kingdom. The legislation integrates the broad principles of integrated coastal zone management, which should enable sustainable development of these territories. Thus, this law transcribes one of the key articles of the ICZM Protocol ratified by the Kingdom of Morocco in 2012, namely, the establishment of a 100 m setback zone, calculated from the coastal land boundary, and a setback of 2,000 m for transport infrastructure.
These are remarkable steps forward, but the stakes are multiple, and alongside the authorities of the Kingdom, PAP/RAC will continue its efforts for the implementation of ICZM on the ground. Thus, the definition of a National ICZM Strategy will be one of the major challenges.
The 1st Advisory Board (AB) Meeting of the Blue Economy project met at the Plan Bleu premises, in Sophia Antipolis, on 7-8 July 2015. The AB is composed of the renewed experts in sustainable development, ICZM and sustainable consumption and production and first provided comments and suggestions to the overall project activities, and in particular how best relate and link the project with other on-going initiatives, such as the MSSD, SCP and ICZM Action Plans and EcAp.
The project is funded by the MAVA Foundation and will be carried out by the three MAP Regional Activity Centres (RACs), namely, Plan Bleu, SCP and PAP during the next 18 months. The full title of the project is “A blue economy for a healthy Mediterranean – measuring, monitoring and promoting an environmentally sustainable economy in the Mediterranean region”. The project is structured along three main components: define and monitor; support the implementation; and promote and mainstream an environmentally sustainable economy. The latter is under PAP/RAC responsibility and includes the organisation of two regional conferences (one as the Coast Day 2016 event); preparation of promotional materials including a video, and an on-line platform, newsletters and a web site, as well as the promotion of the project and its advocacy within the Barcelona Convention and other multilateral initiatives. The major output of the first component is to prepare a study/report on blue economy and a sustainability dashboard for the blue economy with a set of selected indicators in order to monitor the process of the blue economy (by Blue Plan), and the second one on promotion of good practices and promising cases of blue economy including the exhibition and a series of workshops on eco and social innovations (by SCP/RAC).
Also, the scope of the project and the priority sectors were discussed in detail. During a very fruitful and constructive discussion some very good suggestions were jointly agreed that will guide the project team to accomplish the project activities.
The first National Strategy on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), following the requirements of the ICZM Protocol, was adopted by the Government of Montenegro on June 25! The adoption of the Strategy was the final result of the most successful process jointly undertaken by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro and PAP/RAC, in the framework of MedPartnership project.
Preparation of the ICZM Strategy for Montenegro was undertaken in parallel with the preparation of the Coastal Area Spatial Plan, the most important planning document for the coastal areas in Montenegro. Therefore, the process and the results of the Strategy were largely directed towards preparing specific recommendations for the Spatial Plan. In particular, the Strategy:
- Developed criteria and guidelines to determine land uses in the Coastal Area Spatial Plan so as to direct construction to the least vulnerable areas. They included the introduction of a coastal setback zone and preservation of valuable inland areas suitable for rural development.
− Proposed key instruments to enable implementation of the above criteria and to guide changes in the desired direction. They include land-use and fiscal policy instruments, as well as those for monitoring and evaluating progress.
− Proposed an appropriate coordination mechanism to improve integration and convergence of sectoral management, with the overall responsibility for the coastal zone development.
With strong political support and commitment, these findings and the overall participatory process of the Strategy preparation resulted with:
− construction areas reduced by 44%;
− construction areas within one kilometre of the coastline reduced by 16%;
− introduced 100-meter coastal setback, applicable to almost 50% of the coastline; and
− initiated establishment of an ICZM coordination mechanism.
PAP/RAC wishes to thank the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, in particular HE Minister, Mr. Branimir Gvozdenovic, and the National Coordinator, Ms Jelena Knezevic, for their great support. This process would not have been nearly so successful without them.
On June 15, 2015, the first meeting of the Steering Committee (CoPil) to the CAMP Var project was held in the premises of the County Council, in Toulon. The meeting was attended by the national, regional and local French partners, the national project leader and the PAP/RAC team. On this occasion, the partners reviewed the draft Action plan defined on the basis of the Terms of Reference for the CAMP project, as it was signed between the French government and UNEP/MAP. The meeting was an opportunity to present and explain the UNEP/MAP structure, the challenges of the implementation of the principles of the ICZM Protocol and the need for starting the CAMP Var project. Then, a rich and lively discussion was developed about the main themes and specific project activities and their prioritization which led to the validation of the Action plan of the project.
The CAMP Var was officially launched by an Inception workshop that was held at the University of Toulon, on June 17, in front of a wide range of stakeholders involved in the management of the coastal and maritime area of the Var County (60 odd people). The project partners presented the activities to be undertaken in the frame of the project, namely: the institutional diagnosis, a subjective mapping, the development of the ICZM application, the organisation of a “land and sea” forum, etc. The Inception workshop was held in parallel with the European Days of the Var County, and a joint field trip was organised to the coastal area of Coudoulière.
The 2015 MedOpen Advanced training session on CV&C in the Mediterranean organised for the GEF eligible countries, in which the ClimVar & ICZM project is being implemented, has been officially concluded. Nine of 15 candidates who registered for the session actively participated in the two training activities, namely, the CV&C Forum discussion and the Final Essay preparation.
The four week session was, as requested by the majority of trainees, extended for one more week so as to enable them to prepare their Final Essays. A variety of interesting Final Essay topics were proposed dealing, for example, with barriers to implementing ICZM as an adaptation option to CV&C; CV&C adaptation strategies in coastal areas; possible links between invasive species, CV&C and ICZM; sandy coasts in the context of CV&C; ecosystem changes with regard to CV&C; effects of climate change on water resources, and adaptation strategies; integration of CV&C in the ICZM strategies; and impacts of CV&C on coastal biodiversity. Final Essays and the Forum discussion, as well as the overall work of students during the training, will be assessed and graded by the PAP/RAC MedOpen CV&C lecturer.
PAP/RAC will benefit from students’ comments and evaluation of the training session included in the Post-evaluation questionnaire, which, as usual, will be taken into consideration for the improvement of the future MedOpen CV&C, as well as ICZM sessions.
At the invitation of the BP/RAC, a PAP/RAC representative attended the MEDCOP 21, Mediterranean Climate Summit, organised on 4-5 June at Marseilles. The event was organised by the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, under the high patronage of Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic. This event was organised in the context of preparation for the UNFCCC 21st Conference of Parties which is to be held from November 30 to December 11, 2015 in Paris.
Being an area of major challenges in terms of the survival of vulnerable territories, climate change in the Mediterranean will have a considerable impact on both natural resources (modification of the rich yet fragile biodiversity, depletion of aquifers, soil erosion, loss of coastal areas, etc.) and on human activities, affecting large areas of the Mediterranean economy including agriculture, tourism, industry, energy production, etc. This event aimed to contribute to the construction of a Mediterranean agenda demonstrating the contribution of local authorities, associations, businesses and networks working as a catalyst for sustainable development. The relevance of the initiative undertaken by the Region, as well as readiness of the Mediterranean stakeholders was also confirmed with the fact that 500 representatives were expected, while 2000 arrived. 27 proposals, 4 amendments, 133 good practices and a declaration (http://www.medcop21.com/27-propositions/) were prepared and submitted to Mr. Laurent Fabius, Minister of foreign affairs and international development, who is going to preside the Paris event. Finally, it should be mentioned that a remarkable job has been done by the organisers, who in addition to host such a big event, managed to design it in an ecological way, placing a lot of attention to the mitigation measures.
BP/RAC took the opportunity of the MEDCOP21 conference to organize in Marseilles, on June 3, 2015, a workshop in the frame of the ClimVar & ICZM Project. The workshop was attended by representatives of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Egypt, Libya, Montenegro, Morocco and Palestine.
They discussed a methodology for the development of a Coastal Risk Index related to the impacts of climate change considering three variables: exposure, vulnerability and forcing which coastal areas are facing. Risk maps at a regional scale were produced and discussed for each of the countries represented. A local application for the case of Morocco was also presented.
PAP/RAC was invited to the workshop to present its experiences within the same project, namely, the methodology for estimating costs of the climate variability and change applied in Croatia, with the local assessment of vulnerabilities applied in the coastal region of the Šibenik-Knin County.
A MAP expert on Climate Change presented the Regional Climate Change Adaptation Framework for the Mediterranean marine and coastal areas. Participants of the workshop provided their comments on the cases presented and congratulated to the organizations for the efforts undertaken.
A PAP/RAC representative attended the MEDCOAST JUBILEE WORKSHOP for celebrating the 25th anniversary of the MEDCOAST. The workshop was organised in Sarigerme, Turkey, on May 27-30, 2015.
MEDCOAST was initiated as a Euro-Mediterranean Network of Academic and Professional Institutions in 1990 with the aim of providing the support of the scientific community for developing and enhancing integrated coastal management practices in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea countries. When MEDCOAST organized the First International Conference on the Mediterranean Coastal Environment in 1993, it was one of the first conferences of its kind in the whole world. Since then, MEDCOAST has been organizing international scientific conferences biannually, in the months of October or November. Eleven events of this conference series and other scientific meetings organised with the acronym of MEDCOAST over 21 years produced 32 volumes of proceedings that add up to the total of 18,600 pages. The proceedings, which will be made available for open-access in the near future, constitute a very important source providing a wealth of information on coastal and marine issues in general and for the Mediterranean, the Black and Caspian Seas in particular.
One of the aims of the workshop was to review the past and present activities and practices in the field of integrated coastal management in the Mediterranean, the Black and Caspian Seas in parallel to the past MEDCOAST activities. The more significant aim was to make future projections, to reflect on the future opportunities for continuing the MEDCOAST valuable collaboration and its future as a regional institution for better contributing to coastal and marine management and conservation. A field trip was organized to Dalyan, a marine turtle important area, on May 29. PAP/RAC has been providing support to MEDCOAST since its early days.
Under the auspices of the Ministry for Environment of the Hellenic Republic, the United Nations Environment Programme/Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP) launched the celebration of its 40th anniversary in Athens, Greece on 19 May 2015.
The launching came within the framework of the meeting of the MAP National Focal Points aiming to discuss the UNEP/MAP draft Mid-term Strategy for the period 2016-2021.
The meeting was opened by H.E. Mr Ioannis Tsironis, Alternate Minister for Environment of the Hellenic Republic. Welcoming the participants to the meeting, Minister Tsironis reiterated the continuous support of Greece to the MAP, and said: "MAP's role is essential at this crucial period for the Mediterranean countries, faced with economic, social and political problems. Greece has always shown continuous support to MAP for its catalyzing role in supporting peace and stability in the region".
Faced with new challenges, tensions, and opportunities, the situation of the marine and coastal environment in the Mediterranean continues to be under serious pressures. "Forty years since the MAP and the Barcelona Convention were signed off, the reality in the Mediterranean is very different from 1975-1976", said Mr. Gaetano Leone, Coordinator of MAP in his welcoming address. "Today, the MAP mission is still ambitious and exciting, the mandate is still most relevant, the opportunities for impact are still abundant and attainable, the expectations are still high", he added.
Building on 40 years of work and accomplishments, several activities will be organized to highlight achievements and shed light on key environmental pressures in the Mediterranean. Contracting Parties were also encouraged to feature MAP in events organized at their national level.
Under the umbrella of the United Nations Environment Programme, the Mediterranean Action Plan and the Barcelona Convention provide the political and legal framework for the protection of the marine environment and the coastal areas of the Mediterranean region. With all riparian countries and the EU as Contracting Parties, they aim at addressing the multiple pressures affecting the sea and its coasts while promoting sustainable development.
The PAP/RAC National Focal Points meeting was held at the PAP/RAC premises in Split, on May 14. The meeting was attended by representatives of the following Contracting Parties: Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Israel, Lebanon, Morocco, Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain and Turkey. In addition, a representative of the EC, the experts from France, Greece, Italy and Spain, as well as PAP/RAC representatives attended the meeting.
The objective of the meeting was to present and discuss the status of implementation of PAP/RAC activities, including the Mid-term evaluation of the Action Plan for the implementation of the ICZM Protocol (2012-2019) and the Assessment of CAMP projects, the Reporting Format on the ICZM Protocol, the Workplan for 2016-2017 within the 6-year strategic planning of MAP and the PAP/RAC-related decisions to be submitted to COP 19. In addition, two pilot projects were presented and discussed, namely: a pilot project on Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) in the Mediterranean implemented by Greece and the EcAp pilot project: Candidate common indicator on “Land-use change” in the Adriatic.
The session went in a positive and friendly atmosphere, and valuable and constructive comments were made by the participants. According to the reactions from the participants, the PAP/RAC organisation of the meeting was excellent. The report of the meeting will be available soon.
The Final Conference of the PAP/RAC activities within the MedPartnership and ClimVar & ICZM projects was organised on May 12-13 in Split, in the Gothic Hall of the City Museum. The Conference was organised back-to-back with the PAP/RAC National Focal Points meeting, in order to secure wide dissemination of the MedPartnership results, but also to secure timely and thorough information on PAP/RAC activities for all the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention. Last but not least, back-to-back organisation secured savings of the financial resources, as well as of the travel days for all the national representatives involved in ICZM activities. The Conference was attended by MedPartnership representatives of Algeria, Croatia, Montenegro and Palestine, and by PAP/RAC NFPs of Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Israel, Lebanon, Montenegro, Morocco, Slovenia, Spain and Turkey. In addition, the MedPartnership project manager, experts from Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Greece, Morocco, Spain and the UK, as well as PAP/RAC representatives attended the meeting.
Most of the PAP/RAC activities are under completion so that PAP/RAC was in the position to present almost all of the activities in great detail. These activities are representing today the offer of the “products” that PAP/RAC is in the position to offer to the Mediterranean countries for replication. Reactions of the participants were remarkably positive and confirmed the need for the activities of this type as implemented within the two projects.
After the meeting, PAP/RAC organised a field trip to the zone in which a Coastal Plan with specific focus on climate variability and change has been developed, that is to the coastal zone of the Šibenik-Knin County, including a boat trip.
The Croatian Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection coordinates activities on the preparation of the Croatian Coastal and Marine Strategy. After the initial documents regarding the marine environment have been prepared, those regarding the terrestrial part are now in preparation. It is being done within the “MedPartnership” project financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented in Croatia jointly by the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection and UNEP/MAP’s Priority Actions Programme Regional Activity Centre (PAP/RAC), Split. In order to secure a wide participatory approach in course of preparation of the said documents of the Strategy, the Ministry and PAP/RAC, in collaboration with the coastal counties, have planned two series of workshops, the first in May-June and the second one in September/October 2015.
Two workshops have been organised already. The first was for the stakeholders from the Dubrovnik-Neretva and Split-Dalmatia Counties, and was organised in Split on April 27, while the second workshop, for Istria, Primorje-Gorski Kotar and Lika-Senj Counties, took place in Rijeka on May 5. The workshops were each attended by 60-odd participants from relevant governmental and non-governmental institutions, as well as other members of civil society. The third workshop is planned for June 1 in Zadar for the stakeholders from the Šibenik-Knin and Zadar Counties. Inputs from the workshops will be used for the finalisation of the documents the final drafts of which will be presented and discussed in the second series of workshops in the autumn.
The first Advanced training session on Climate Variability and Change (CV&C), being an integral part of the PAP/RAC MedOpen virtual training course in ICZM in the Mediterranean, has started today. The preparation and development of the session has been envisaged by the ClimVar & ICZM project - complementary to the GEF/UNEP/World Bank Strategic Partnership for the Mediterranean Sea Large Marine Ecosystem - the MedPartnership initiative. In addition to raising awareness and improving knowledge of CV&C aspects in the Mediterranean, the aim of this session is to enhance a policy dialogue and build / improve capacities on implications of CV&C considerations.
This training session is intended for candidates from the GEF eligible countries in which the ClimVar & ICZM project is being implemented. Out of 24 candidates who applied for the training, 15 were selected from the following GEF eligible countries: Albania, Algeria, Croatia, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey. Priority was given to those whose educational background and professional experience are closely related to the contents to be explained and discussed in this training session.
Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection in collaboration with PAP/RAC organised a 6th meeting of Croatian Inter-ministerial committee to present the assessments performed in the framework of the ClimVar & ICZM project, as well as the progress of the MedPartnership replication project in Croatia. The Inter-ministerial committee, created for the preparation of the Croatian Coastal and Marine Strategy, is composed of more than 50 representatives of different ministries, institutes and agencies dealing with coastal and marine issues. On this occasion the following was presented: the results of the DIVA assessment of the damage caused by sea-level rise for Croatia; assessment of costs due to climate change for the Šibenik-Knin County; and Initial assessment of the state of the terrestrial part of the coastal zone. The meeting was introduced to the theme by Mr. Krešo Pandžiæ, Deputy Director of the Meteorological and Hydrological Service of Croatia. Representatives of the Croatian Waters contributed to the meeting by presenting their activities relevant to the obligations of the flood risk management according to the EU Flood Directive. The participants provided some clarifications, which were used to improve the results of the studies. Through the ClimVar and ICZM activities the Croatian Coastal and Marine Strategy obtained an important input to cover the issues related to the climate variability and change, in particular to the sea-level rise.
In conjunction with the Meeting for the Coastal Plan of the Šibenik-Knin County, the fourth Climagine workshop was organised on April 21. It was considered a good idea since the participants of both events were the same so considerable saving of time and expenses was thus achieved. The main objective of the workshop was to prepare a final proposal of indicators and the “Climagine” amoebae, as well as to define proposals, recommendations and solutions for coastal zone management.
On April 21 a meeting was organised at the Old Town Hall of Šibenik to present to the local and national stakeholders several key papers for the current phase of the project. Those were the Assessment of Potential Costs Due to Sea-level Rise for the Republic of Croatia, calculated using the DIVA methodology, and the Assessment of Potential Costs Due to Climate Change for the Šibenik-Knin County. The results of these two studies will be integrated into the Coastal Plan of the Šibenik-Knin County, the first draft of which was also presented at the meeting in order to get feedback from the stakeholders to be used for finalisation of the document. The meeting was attended by 40-odd participants who made valuable contributions towards the completion of the Coastal Plan.
The Regional Activity Centre for Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP/RAC) is developing a Training and Support Programme for Green Entrepreneurs and Civil Society. The aim of the training is to help stakeholders from the civil society, business sector and local institutions to start thinking on business-based or grass-root eco-innovative solutions addressing the challenges identified by projects dealing with environmental challenges in coastal areas, as well as to assist eco entrepreneurs in launching new business in a very practical way. To that end, a Call has been launched for entrepreneurs who would like to benefit from this programme that targets Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan.
All interested candidates can apply for this Call at the SwitchMed website where they can find more information on the programme.
On March 23, 2015, the Algerian National ICZM Strategy (NICZMS) and the Réghaia Coastal Plan (RCP) were presented at a conference to more than a hundred representatives of coastal wilayas, national institutions and municipalities, and national experts, as well as to representatives of several international organizations, including UNEP-MAP and MAP RACs, the French Coastal protection agency and the German Federal Enterprise for International Co-operation (GIZ). The conference, which was held at the premises of the Wilaya of Oran, was opened by the Wali of Oran. Following his introductory speech, Mr. G. Leone, MAP Co-ordinator, addressed the meeting participants. In his speech, he put a particular stress on the pressures Mediterranean coasts are facing nowadays, as well as on the importance of strategies, such as the NICZMS, to mitigate these pressures.
Ms. Ž. Škarièiæ, PAP/RAC Director, spoke about the efforts made by Algeria in the last decade to protect its coast. She thanked all those who, during the last two years, contributed to the preparation of this strategy. H.E. Ms. D. Boudjemaa, Minister of the Algerian Ministry of Land Planning and Environment, presented the content of the strategy, noting that the strategy would allow reframing actions for sustainable coastal development, and improving the efficiency of institutional and legal provisions. The Minister reminded participants that 1,400 people were involved directly or indirectly in the preparation of the strategy, and expressed the wish that the stakeholders would now engage fully in its implementation.
The second part of the meeting was dedicated to the presentation of RCP, which is the application at the local level of the NICZMS, and to a discussion on these two activities.
Leading experts in different aspects of climate change adaptation met in Athens on 11-12 March 2015, for the second meeting of the Advisory Panel to the Strategic Framework for the Adaptation of the Mediterranean Marine and Coastal Areas to Climate Change. The overall objective of the Framework is to identify and develop a regional approach to climate change adaptation in the Mediterranean to increase the resilience of its marine and coastal ecosystems, infrastructure and communities to climate change.
A PAP/RAC representative attended this meeting during which the Framework was discussed and restructured aiming at a consistent and relevant strategy for the Mediterranean countries. A new amended version of the draft framework will be prepared in view of submitting it to for adoption by the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention at their 19th meeting in February 2016.
“Groupe interacadémique pour le développement” (GID) is an international association established in 2007 by ten academic institutions in Africa and southern Europe. In marshalling knowledge in the service of development, GID promotes one of the UN’s Millenium Development Goals, namely: Bridging the Gap Between the Scientific Output and the Needs of the Stakeholders.
Each year, European-Mediterranean (Parmenides) and African-sub-Saharan (FastDev) conferences bring together scientists and technologists as well as all development stakeholders in a given domain, namely, decision makers, economists, social scientists, GID partners, and representatives of society. These conferences aim to ferret out actual development needs; determine which knowledge is available (and which knowledge needs to be developed); identify the scientific, technological, socio-economic and cultural obstacles to the marshalling of knowledge in the service of development; and formulate proposals aimed at surmounting these obstacles.
This-year conference, GID Parmenides II Forum, took place in Dubrovnik, Croatia, on 17-19 March 2015, with the general topic “Common heritage and technologies: enhancement of heritage, a key to development”. PAP/RAC Director was invited to deliver a speech about PAP/RAC’s and UNEP/MAP’s efforts in the field of coastal zone management, with focus on ecosystem-based management and bridging science and decision making.
Following the statement made at COP18 that “marine spatial planning was a significant avenue to be explored for the future of MAP and in particular for the implementation of the ICZM Protocol”, PAP/RAC and the University of Thessaly in Greece have launched a pilot project entitled “Paving the Road to Marine Spatial Planning in the Mediterranean“. The project intends to facilitate the implementation of the ICZM Protocol, in particular with regard to its provision for Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), by developing methodological tools, proposing possible co-operation/management schemes and identifying prerequisites and possible ways to deal with challenges, in an effort to assist the CPs to meet the common objectives of integrated marine spatial planning and management.
The Inception Meeting of the project took place on 30 January 2015, at the premises of the Technical Chamber of Greece in Athens. Around 30 participants attended the meeting. All members of the core team were present as well as experts from the co-operating partners: Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC), Region of the Ionian Islands and the HCMR. One must mention the strong team from the Directorate of Spatial Planning of MEECC (recently renamed as Ministry of Productive Reconstruction, Environment and Energy - MPREE), as well as the representatives of authorities from the Region of the Ionian Islands and the Marine Park of Zakynthos. UNEP/MAP and PAP/RAC were represented by the UNEP/MAP Programme Officer following the ICZM issues.