Welcome to PAP/RAC Mediterranean Coastal Alert! This newsletter is regularly updated monthly. It contains abstracts of selected current articles and archives on various environmental themes, in particular those dealing with all aspects of coastal issues. The selection is made from the articles published in the leading international scientific journals. This newsletter is an excellent way of keeping you updated with coastal studies and processes.
Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) is widely advocated at all levels of governance as a means of delivering sustainable development in coastal areas. This paper explores the status and characteristics of various forms of ICZM at the local level given that it is at this level that most ICZM activities currently take place. In this context, local level ICZM includes agency-led initiatives, local pilot projects and bottom-up approaches. Providing empirical evidence about the relative strengths and weaknesses of these various models for local delivery, this paper presents an overview, critique of and lessons learned from approaches in Ireland, where there is no over-arching national coastal management policy to provide any steer for management. The potential for local government involvement in these approaches is emphasised, particularly in bottom-up and local projects which foster strengthened management capacity within local government with limited resource implications. Whilst the paper highlights difficult jurisdictional issues in the Irish context, the potential for improved coastal management, through continued local government involvement in ICZM networks and local projects, as well as through the implementation of the European Integrated Maritime Policy and Marine Strategy Framework Directive, is outlined.
Keywords: ICZM; Local Government; Agency-Led; Pilot Projects; Jurisdiction; Ireland.
Source: A. M. O'Hagan and R. Ballinger (2010); “Implementing Integrated Coastal Zone Management in a National Policy Vacuum: Local Case Studies from Ireland”, Ocean & Coastal Management; Article in Press, Accepted Manuscript; Available Online: 22 October 2010, under DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.10.014.
Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) has evolved in practice and in the literature to implicate and advocate for public participation. Public participation has been proposed to open debate, contribute to policy formulation, increase government accountability, build support for agency programmes, reduce community tensions and increase the sustainability of the actions. This study analysed the success of three integrated coastal zone management projects based on 8 process and output indicators. Public participation does not seem to have had an impact on the overall project objective nor on the sustainability indicators. These results bring us back to the initial concept of ICZM based on horizontal and vertical integration, and suggest that projects promoting ICZM need to be adapted to each specific cultural and political context. Long-term sustainability and natural resource management will only be achieved when the projects and activities are adapted to meet the reality on the field.
Keywords: ICZM; Public Participation; Sustainability; Process and Output Indicators.
Source: L. Ernoul (2010); “Combining Process and Output Indicators to Evaluate Participation and Sustainability in Integrated Coastal Zone Management Projects“, Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 53, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 711-716; Available Online: 12 October 2010, under DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.10.001.
In the present paper, the current beach management framework in the North-Western Mediterranean coast (Catalonia, Spain) was revised. Beach management was analysed using the concepts of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). The history of beach management in the second half of the 20th century and the new developments in the academic field and in the practical beach management sector during the last decade were studied. The revision of legal texts and strategies in the Catalan coast allowed synthesising all scattered information affecting beach management. A SWOT analysis was performed. The main strengths of the beach management framework in Catalonia are the public ownership of beaches, which allows the government to carry out a comprehensive management and the recent data and analysis provided by the adopted National and Autonomous ICZM strategies. The weaknesses found were related to the functioning of traditional existing institutions. New opportunities are related to the possibility of establishing new institutions that conduct a more inclusive and proactive management. The main threat is that although the possibility for a fundamental change in beach management organisation exists, resources available are not fully exploited.
Source: E. Ariza (2010); “An Analysis of Beach Management Framework in Spain. Case Study: the Catalonian Coast”, Journal of Coastal Conservation; Received: 12 May 2010; Revised: 18 October 2010; Accepted: 20 October 2010, under DOI: 10.1007/s11852-010-0135-y.
Climate is an important resource for many types of tourism. One of several metrics for the suitability of climate for sightseeing is Mieczkowski’s “Tourism Climatic Index” (TCI), which summarises and combines seven climate variables. By means of the TCI, we analyse the present climate resources for tourism in Europe and projected changes under future climate change. We use daily data from five regional climate models and compare the reference period 1961–1990 to the A2 scenario in 2071–2100. A comparison of the TCI based on reanalysis data and model simulations for the reference period shows that current regional climate models capture the important climatic patterns. Currently, climate resources are best in Southern Europe and deteriorate with increasing latitude and altitude. With climate change the latitudinal band of favourable climate is projected to shift northward improving climate resources in Northern and Central Europe in most seasons. Southern Europe’s suitability for sightseeing tourism drops strikingly in the summer holiday months but is partially compensated by considerable improvements between October and April.
Source: S. L. Perch-Nielsen, B. Amelung and R. Knutti (2009); “Future Climate Resources for Tourism in Europe Based on the Daily Tourism Climatic Index”, Climatic Change, Volume 103, Numbers 3-4, Pages 363-381; Received: 20 November 2008; Accepted: 30 October 2009, under DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9772-2.